How Long Do Bed Bug Eggs Survive?

logo by Editorial Staff | Posted on December 18th, 2022

The bed bug is an extremely resilient pest that can survive anywhere and anytime. These blood-sucking insects thrive in a warm, humid environment, which makes it easy to find places where they have nested.


The bed bug eggs are laid inside a hard white casing known as an ovipositor or eggshell. The eggs are laid along the seams and folds of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, or other furniture with tight spaces. When these eggs hatch into nymphs, they feed on human blood as soon as possible.

Bed bug (Cimex lectularius) spent skins, eggs & carcasses

They start feeding by piercing the skin with their teeth and sucking the blood from their victim’s veins. Once they have consumed enough blood, they detach from the body and move to another location in search of more prey.

In this article, we will explore how long do bed bug eggs survive, how many different stages there are in the lifecycle of a bed bug, what happens if you remove them too late in their life cycle, how to prevent them from hatching, and more…

Bed bugs hatch in around two weeks, according to NYSIPM. Putting them in a hot dryer for 60 minutes would kill them, as would freezing them at temperatures below 32°F (0°C) for 30 days.

As previously stated, killing bed insect eggs at 113°F (45°C) takes 7 hours and 72 minutes at 118°F (48°C).

BED BUG STAGELETHAL TEMPERATURE
(HEAT)
TIME DURATION
Bed bug adults and nymphs113°F (45°C)95 minutes
Bed bug eggs113°F (45°C)7 hours
Bed bug adults and nymphs118°F (48°C)few minutes
Bed bug eggs118°F (48°C)72 minutes
STAGE(COLD)TIME
Bed bugs in all stages0°F (-17.8°C)4 days
DRY ICE
Bed bugs in all stages−109.3°F (-78.5°C)24 hours

According to the University of California’s SIPMP, bed bugs go through five phases after hatching. The full journey from egg to adult might take anywhere from 5 weeks to 4 months, depending on temperature and food availability.

The time it takes for an egg to develop into an adult bed bug is determined by various factors, including temperature, blood supply, and resistance.

Female bed bugs lay one egg daily, which hatches in 10-14 days and takes another 5 to 6 weeks to mature into an adult bed bug.

What Is the Bed Bug Gestation Period?

You’re probably wondering how long it will be until the next round of bed bugs hatches in your house now that you know how long it takes for a bed insect to develop to full size.

Here’s the deal…

Bed bugs mate in the same manner as other bugs, turtles, and birds do.

Females deposit oval eggs around cracks and crevices in their homes after mating.

Bed bugs may spawn an astounding 200-250 eggs during their lifetimes.

Each egg takes 6 to 10 days to mature before hatching.

As a result, bed bug infestations have the potential to spread at an alarming rate.

How Many Babies Do Bed Bugs Have?

Bed bugs only survive for approximately a year, but they can have many offspring during that period.

A substantial percentage of the 200-250 eggs they deposit throughout their lifespan will hatch.

Because bed bugs live for approximately a year on average and an adult bed bug can have offspring at any time, the arithmetic works out to around 5-6 eggs each day per adult female.

With that reproduction rate, it isn’t easy to get rid of them.

That implies that if you have a 5-female bed bug infestation, you might observe up to 40 bed bugs within a week.

After then, the babies would have to progress through the nymph stage before reproducing.

According to recent studies from Dr. Dini Miller’s research lab, female bed bugs currently lay 1 to 7 eggs daily, but only 113 eggs in their lifetime. According to the University of Minnesota Extension, a female can lay 200 to 250 eggs throughout her lifetime.

This is still incredibly sluggish compared to a housefly, which can lay over 500 eggs in days.

After 11 days of not feeding, a female bed bug will cease laying eggs.

Do Bed Bugs Begin as Larvae?

Bed bug larvae are what bed bugs look like when they hatch.

Bed bugs are little, but their larvae are considerably smaller.

These animals resemble a single grain of sand and can only be seen under a microscope.

Larvae bite and feed, so if you’re covered in bites, you’ve been bitten by bed bugs at various stages of development.

If you can’t discover adult bed bugs, larvae from an adjacent infestation may have transferred to your bedroom.

Baby bed bugs can squeeze into very small spaces, allowing them to crawl through walls and infest you via a nearby apartment or hotel room.

Where Can You Find Bed Bugs in the Wild?

To begin with, bed bugs do not reside outside, in the woods, or on the grass. They are the only animals that live indoors.

Bed bugs can be found in places with a large turnover of people, such as:

  • hotels
  • resorts
  • hostels
  • apartments
  • buses
  • churches
  • community centers
  • homes
  • hospitals
  • schools
  • theaters
  • barracks
  • dressing rooms
  • nursing homes

Bedbugs can potentially be found everywhere there are humans or other animals. Furthermore, birds and bats can bring their bed bugs with them, known as bird bugs and bat bugs.

Bed bugs are not attracted to people based on their hygiene or sanitation. They are content if there is blood.

They do not establish nests and are usually encountered in groups.

logo

Editorial Staff

Our writers, editors, content managers, and SEO specialist. We all take part in crafting amazing articles. We spend hours ensuring that each article is based on facts, researched, and thorough. You'll never want to click the back button to look for more answers other than here!