How Long Do Pigs Live And Why?

logo by Editorial Staff | Updated on September 30th, 2023

When it comes to the animal kingdom, pigs are among the most intriguing creatures. Members of the Suidae family, share the spotlight with wild boars, warthogs, and pygmy hogs. Domestic pigs alone boast a global population of about 1 billion. Not only are pigs social and intelligent, but they’re also surprisingly clean animals. When given the freedom to roam, they relish exploring their environment, lazing in the sun, and enjoying life. With an ancestry dating back 5,000 to 7,000 years, these animals have earned their place on farms and even in some homes around the world.

So, what exactly is the life expectancy of a pig, and what factors contribute to their longevity? Let’s delve into the details.

white pig

The Average Lifespan of a Pig

In natural and hygienic conditions, a pig can expect to live between 10 and 15 years. However, this lifespan varies significantly depending on the breed, environment, and care provided.

Comparing Lifespans Across Pig Breeds


Originating from England, Berkshires are black-bodied pigs with distinct white “socks” on their feet. They are primarily raised for high-quality meat. Generally, a Berkshire pig can live from 6 to 10 years.

Chester White

Chester Whites are entirely white and can be a bit more aggressive than other breeds. These pigs are particularly susceptible to Vitamin C deficiency, which could shorten their lifespan. Typically, they live for 6 to 8 years.


Duroc pigs hold the title of the oldest domesticated breed in the United States. These red-colored pigs make excellent pets and tend to have a longer lifespan due to selective breeding, ranging from 10 to 15 years.


Known for their unique black bodies with white belts, Hampshires are agricultural pigs appreciated for their rapid growth and nurturing mothers. Their average lifespan ranges from 10 to 12 years.


Native to Denmark, Landrace pigs were initially not exported to maintain Denmark’s status as a leading bacon exporter. However, they can now be found across the United States and typically live for 6 to 10 years.

Poland China

Contrary to the name, this breed originated in the United States. Poland China pigs generally have a lifespan of 6 to 10 years.


As the name suggests, these pigs have pink skin speckled with black spots. They are bred for high feed efficiency and usually live for an impressive 15 to 20 years.

Vietnamese Pot-Bellied Pigs

Popular pets in the United States, these pigs can live up to 20 years with proper care, including regular vet check-ups and a balanced diet.

Wild Pigs

Wild pigs in the United States can live up to 20 years, but most fall prey to predators, shortening their average lifespan to 4 to 8 years.


Though they are active and often used for cross-breeding, Yorkshires aren’t ideal pets due to their size and potential health issues. They usually live for 8 to 10 years.

ConditionLife Span
Domestic pig8 to 10 years
Wild pig15 to 20 years
Wild pig in the wild4 to 6 years

Factors Affecting Pig Longevity

Health Considerations

Weight is often the leading cause of health problems in pigs. Overweight pigs may suffer from various health complications, which is why it’s vital to offer a balanced diet.

Environmental Concerns

Pigs are sensitive to extreme temperatures. They are susceptible to conditions like heatstroke and pneumonia, requiring consistent monitoring for well-being.

Social Well-being

Isolation can lead to depression in pigs. Providing a companion can make a substantial difference in their happiness and, consequently, their longevity.


Pigs are remarkable animals, known for their sociability, intelligence, and longevity. On average, a pig’s lifespan can range from 10 to 15 years in natural conditions, but this varies significantly when raised in captivity. Numerous factors, including breed, environment, and care, can influence a pig’s life expectancy. So, whether you’re a pig owner or simply intrigued by these fascinating creatures, understanding what affects their lifespan can give you a deeper appreciation for them.


Editorial Staff

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