Who Invented Eggnog?

logo by Editorial Staff | Updated on September 27th, 2023

Eggnog: the creamy, dreamy holiday beverage that brings joy to the winter season. While sipping this delightful concoction, have you ever wondered about its origins? If you’re a curious soul who loves to know the stories behind time-honored traditions, this article is for you. We’ll dig deep into the fascinating history of eggnog, how it gained its unique name, and why it has become synonymous with holiday cheer. Knowing the background of this drink will not only make your holiday season richer but also turn you into the go-to eggnog historian at your next festive gathering.

The Mysterious Roots of Eggnog

Eggnog is believed to have descended from posset, a medieval British beverage that blended milk, wine or beer, cream, sugar, and egg. It was a warm drink, not unlike the modern ale or mulled wine, and it had various iterations depending on available ingredients.


Eggnog’s Aristocratic British Origins

Eggnog’s lineage can be traced back to early medieval Britain, where posset was a popular hot drink. By the 13th century, this beverage had evolved into something remarkably similar to modern-day eggnog, enjoyed by monks who would add eggs and figs to the recipe. At this point in history, ingredients like milk, eggs, and spices such as cinnamon and nutmeg were luxury items. This meant that eggnog was a drink of the elite, savored by those who could afford these expensive ingredients.

Eggnog Makes Its Way to America

When eggnog crossed the Atlantic and reached the American colonies, the recipe took on a new life. Unlike Britain, where such ingredients were scarce, American farms had an abundance of milk and eggs. Add rum to the mix—which was widely available from British-controlled Caribbean territories—and you’ve got yourself an early American version of eggnog. Rum was not just an affordable spirit; it was also a practical way to preserve the drink before the advent of refrigeration.

The Evolution of the Name: From ‘Egg-and-Grog’ to ‘Eggnog’

The name “eggnog” has puzzled many, and there’s no shortage of theories on its origin. One idea is that “nog” comes from an Old English word for strong beer. Others propose that it originated from “noggin,” a term for a small wooden cup. A more widely accepted theory suggests that American colonists referred to thick beverages as “grogs” and to this particular drink as “egg-and-grog.” Over time, this amalgamated into the name we know today: eggnog.

What’s Really in Your Eggnog?

You might wonder: does commercial eggnog actually contain real eggs? The answer is mostly yes, although the percentage of eggs in today’s store-bought eggnogs is quite low due to FDA regulations. If you’re yearning for the original taste, you can still make it at home using milk, eggs, and a generous amount of alcohol. Additionally, spices like nutmeg, cinnamon, and vanilla are often added for extra flavor, and there are countless variations to suit every palate.

Eggnog as a Holiday Staple: How Did it Happen?

Eggnog became a must-have holiday drink in colonial America and, eventually, throughout the newly-formed United States. Over the years, regional adaptations appeared, from alcohol-free versions to recipes that incorporate local flavors. The tradition solidified, and eggnog became a non-negotiable part of holiday celebrations.

Why We Savor Eggnog During the Holiday Season

If you’re still wondering why this calorie-rich drink is so popular during the holidays, several theories exist. One is that the cold winter weather encourages us to consume richer foods and drinks to help us stay warm. Another reason could be the prohibitive cost of producing eggnog year-round, making it a seasonal delight. And let’s face it: a creamy, decadent drink like eggnog doesn’t quite go with the vibe of a hot summer day.


Eggnog is much more than just a sweet holiday treat—it’s a drink steeped in history, culture, and culinary evolution. From its aristocratic roots in medieval Britain to its transformation in colonial America, eggnog has a story as rich and complex as its flavor. So, the next time you raise a glass of this creamy delight, you’ll appreciate it all the more, knowing the fascinating journey it has been on to get to your holiday table. Cheers!


Editorial Staff

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